Data Analytics & Business Intelligence

Top 10 Data Cleaning Techniques and Best Practices for 2024

Top 10 Data Cleaning Techniques and Best Practices for 2024

In this data science world, we have lots of data from various sources. Some data are helpful, while others are not. Unnecessary data makes it challenging to find the insights. Therefore, it is essential to clean the data. Data cleaning is a process of cleaning unnecessary data with the help of several data cleaning techniques.

This helps build a strong foundation for a database framework in the business. Today, let’s explore data cleaning, its methods, and best practices to experience enriched data goodness.

What is Data Cleaning?

Data cleaning, also known as data cleansing or data scrubbing, indicates that its primary objective is to identify and rectify errors, inconsistencies, inaccuracies, and imperfections in the dataset. This is the process that helps eliminate unnecessary and inaccurate data. By removing and correcting errors, corrupted files, and improperly formatted data, data cleaning allows companies to make better decisions.

Complete data without any duplication or errors is best to derive meaningful insights that data analysts can use to prepare reports and present them to executives and stakeholders. Later, the stakeholders and upper-level management use this data to make significant decisions regarding business operations and others. It is a foundational step in data preparation that must be a reliable source to derive better outcomes.

Why is Data Cleaning Important?

The data cleaning process involves systematically identifying and rectifying issues within the dataset. Today, in the era of technology and different sources of information, it is essential for businesses to focus on specific data that gives valuable information and maximizes the efficiency of business operations. It helps in various ways, from improving cash flows to enhancing the company’s performance.

Here are some significant highlights that show why companies should use data cleaning techniques:

Accurate Insights

When data is full of errors or inaccuracies, it leads to misleading insights that ultimately affect managers’ decisions. To make effective decisions, accurate insights are needed. Thus, data cleaning helps businesses to rely on the cleaned dataset for effective results.

Time Efficiency

Unclean data can cause lots of delays in business operations. It should be removed to analyze and visualize the dataset properly. With clean data, the time and energy of analysts are saved, which is why substantial corrective efforts are needed to keep data clean.

Cost Consideration

Cost is a significant factor that makes data cleaning the most essential process in business. A decision based on correct data will lead to heavy losses and destructive financial impacts. Therefore, it is necessary to keep data clean in the long run.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Dependency

The new technologies have advanced the working of businesses. You need data cleaning to apply machine learning and artificial intelligence models in your business operations. The quality of input data needs to be optimized and reliable.

Non-negotiable Step

Data cleaning is not something to be compromised with. Such steps make tedious work easy for future analysis. It ensures better performance with an appropriate approach toward problem-solving and analytical operations.

How Do You Do Data Cleaning?

Data cleaning techniques are some of the best ways to find and fix the issues in the dataset and prepare it for further use. To clean data, you need to know the basics of data analysis and visualization.

Check out this CCSLA Data Analyst Training program to gain experience in integrated projects. Once you have the right knowledge of studying data, you can clean your data in just a few steps:

Identify Any Issue in the Dataset

First, glance at the data and look closely for any errors. Check for any information that needs to be added, such as strange values, errors, duplicates, or inconsistencies.

Handle the Issue

Once you find the problem, develop a solution to correct it or remove the part if it is unimportant. You can guess the missing parts or errors using advanced methods or tools.

Deal with Outliers

Extreme values can negatively affect the entire dataset. The extreme values need to be removed or transformed into better ways.

Check Data Type

To clean data properly, set the dataset in a standardized format and make sure to check if the data type is correctly arranged.

Visualize Data

Once you handle the inconsistent data, try visualizing data to catch any unrealistic or impossible values. You can use advanced data visualization tools to do this.

Test and Verify

Now, record all changes you made and run tests to ensure the data is suitable for further analysis.

Top 10 Most Effective Data Cleaning Techniques

Clean data is a valuable resource for a business. Companies often look for data cleaning techniques to organize and improve the quality and accuracy of data.

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Some of the top 10 practical strategies for data cleansing are as follows:

1. Removing Duplicate Data

Duplicate data makes the analysis messy and often leads to double counting of data. To avoid such issues, removing the duplicated data types is a good way. Check for typos or varying numbers and remove them from the dataset.

2. Eliminate Unnecessary Data

If data does not contribute to the analysis and is irrelevant to the business goal, eliminate it to avoid cluttering unnecessary information. This will help analysts quickly comprehend insights without wasting time on unnecessary data.

3. Ensure Overall Consistency

Inconsistent data are like books scattered randomly and from where you need to find your essential book. In this case, it becomes difficult to understand; inconsistent data might delay your analysis and visualization. So, create consistent data with standardized capitalization.

4. Convert Data Type

Data types come in many forms, varying from numbers to dates. Keeping the same language throughout the dataset ensures consistency. Furthermore, the data type must be correct, like numbers should be in numbers format, not words. This helps in understanding data while analyzing. Also, it would help if you were cautious of data loss, as it is essential while converting the data type.

5. Straightforward and Clear Formatting

Formatting is necessary, but keeping too much format may distort data. Therefore, removing unnecessary formats and keeping only those significant to analysis is essential. Remove distractions and focus on maintaining accurate content for a clean and straightforward dataset.

6. Handle Missing Values

Data cleaning techniques require the ability to solve puzzles. Handling missing values requires you to have logical ability and fundamental knowledge of data analysis. You can check out this CCSLA CompTIA Data+ course to learn the fundamentals of data analytics.

Identifying which value will come or replace the error is a tough and very crucial task. Therefore, it must be handled wisely to fulfill the analysis goal. Imputation methods are used mainly in such cases to hold the dataset.

7. Fixing Errors

Errors can be difficult to find. However, if you understand fundamental concepts, you can quickly identify the error. However, there are specific data validation tools by which you can obtain your goal. Moreover, you can use spell-checker or grammar tools to uncover and fix grammar errors. Automated data validation tools can help you detect anomalies, inconsistencies, and outliers in a dataset.

8. Keep Data in a Unified Form

One of the best data cleaning techniques is keeping the entire dataset in one language to avoid inconsistencies. The data analysis tools can guide you in creating a single language data set. Furthermore, the translation of data into a unified form can eliminate any nuances in the meaning and can accurately provide insights from the original content.

9. Handling Outliers Using Boxplots

Outliers are extreme observations that distract from the overall dataset objective. Identifying outliers and keeping them accurate for statistical analysis is essential. There are different methods by which you can derive outcomes for future reference. Boxplot is one such method that can be used to identify and handle the outliers.

10. Normalizing Different Data Formats

Data collected from various sources may have different formats. Having the same format in the entire dataset may not be necessary. You can keep different formats for different types to indicate something important or capture the eye of an analyst. Thus, it is okay to normalize different formats to scale variables.

Best Practices for Effective Data Cleaning

To ensure successful data cleaning techniques, you should know how to use them effectively. There are various things that are required to develop an effective data cleaning process. Here are some best practices you can include for a successful data cleaning process.

Understand the Objective of Data Cleaning

It is very important to have a clear understanding of the data cleaning process. An in-depth knowledge of goals and objectives is needed. The potential outcome and limitations must be ascertained by the analyst before the data cleaning process. This helps in finding errors or any element that does not match with the goal or poses any challenge to the business’s operation.

Utilize Automation and Data Integration Software

There are various tools and software that you can use to integrate and automate the task. You need to have an advanced understanding of Python or R to function in these automated redundant tasks.

Develop a Proper Process and Documents

To effectively implement the data cleaning process, develop a proper plan and set objectives, data quality criteria, rules, and guidelines. Identifying missing values, duplicates, outliers, and other elements becomes easy if you have proper documentation of the cleaning process and its goal.

Maintain Report of Every Step

Keeping track of every step of the data cleaning process is essential. Maintaining a proper database to keep transparency throughout the data cleaning process is important. For future issues, you can refer to those documents and check your work.

Constant Validation to Ensure Accuracy

To keep a dataset validated, you must have rules set against the predetermined metrics or statistical methods. To guarantee the intended data quality, keep the process standards up to date. Data cleaning is a key process to transform the goals and objectives into reality. Therefore, ensuring the validation of the process is necessary.

Data Backup and Recovery

Another best practice of data cleaning techniques is to keep the data updated. You should also have the entire data backup in your system and safe drives. In case of any cyber issue, you can restore your data by recovering them without any loss or corruption of entries.

Top Data Cleaning Tools and Software

Data cleaning techniques are effective ways to avoid any wrong decision making by executives. There are certain tools that help along with these techniques. These tools are advanced and valuable, with highly user-friendly interfaces.

Here is the list of top data cleaning tools in 2024:

  • OpenRefine (formerly known as Google Refine) 
  • Trifacta
  • Talend Data Preparation 
  • Pandas (Python library) 
  • Data Wrangler 
  • Integrate.io
  • Tibco Clarity
  • RingLead
  • Oracle Enterprise Data Quality 
  • SAS Data Quality 
  • DemandTools
  • WinPure Clean & Match 
  • Information Cloud Data Quality 
  • Melissa Clean Suite

Data Cleaning Examples

The data cleaning process is applied in many data types and many fields, whether the data is customer data, sales data, or financial data. This process is essential and helpful.

There are certain examples of how the data cleaning is used across different fields:

  • Customer data – Customer data like address, email, name, and phone number are sorted and arranged. The data cleaning process ensures the quality and accuracy of data. 
  • Sales data – Sales data like product description, price, date, sales value, discounts, and other elements are maintained. Data cleaning techniques help correct, transform, and organize this data. 
  • Financial data – Financial records like expenses, revenue, taxes, and other compliance are corrected, and any errors or duplications in them are removed, ensuring proper accuracy and compliance. 
  • Social media data – Data like user information, comments, posts, and likes are maintained. These data are extracted by the company and analyzed to understand the preferences and their major customer base so that they can form future strategies.
  • Human resource data – These data are stored by companies that majorly keep records of their employees and personal information. These are organized, corrected, and transformed for analysis when needed.


The data science journey continues even after the data cleaning process. The entire procedure of data analysis and visualization starts and many more steps are performed to gain 100 percent effectiveness of data.

The data cleaning techniques are helpful at every step for validating and ensuring data accuracy. The best practices must be performed to attain maximum efficiency and effectiveness of data. Certain data cleaning tools can also assist the analyst in their data cleaning journey.

Furthermore, you should take certain certification courses to gain confidence and become a professional data analyst. You can also check out the CCSLA Data Analytics and Engineering bootcamp program, which assists students in becoming certified trainers with one-to-one mentorship and hands-on experience on projects.